In 2015 we launched a research project entitled “Mobile Lives, Immobile Realms: Female Mobility Between Poland and Norway”. Poland’s accession to the European Union in May 2004 has led to the largest emigration flows in the country’s postwar history. Post-accession Polish migration–characterized by heterogeneous migration flows (unskilled and semi-skilled migrants, students and recent college graduates seeking short-time employment, young professionals wishing to start a new career or set up their own business, and intergenerational families), high levels of mobility (transnational and circular migration), and variegated settlement patterns–have had a significant impact on how migration is theorized, researched, and understood. Novel thinking about Polish migration notwithstanding, there is a dearth of anthropological research on migration of Polish women, particularly in relation to decision-making processes about permanent or temporary settlement, circular migration or return to Poland. Little is known about how employment and educational experiences of Polish women, their partners, and children affect the families’ migration trajectories. With few exceptions, much of what has been written about contemporary Polish migration focused on Poles in the United Kingdom and Ireland. There is a need to understand migration experiences of Polish women and their families in new destination countries.
The main objectives of the project are to:
- Enhance theoretical and empirical understanding of Polish female migrants’ integration in the labor markets and educational systems in Norway;
- Investigate the impact of transnationality and liquid migration on migrants’ socio-economic integration in Norway and socio-economic conditions of sending communities in Poland.
- Identify and analyze strategies used by Polish migrant women to secure employment and educational opportunities for themselves and their children.
- Facilitate research collaboration between Polish and Norwegian migration scholars, including seasoned and junior researchers.